Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan

Felton Prairie Stewardship Committee
The Felton Prairie Stewardship Committee was organized in 1997 as an outcome of the Clay County Beach Ridges Forum. Development of the stewardship plan was funded by the Minnesota Legislature as recommended by the Legislative Commission on Minnesota Resources (LCMR) in 1999. The plan addresses land use for approximately 3,000 acres of public land in northern Clay County, east of Felton, Minnesota. The LCMR grant also funded an aggregate resource evaluation completed in 2000 and reclamation of an abandoned gravel mine known as the Zillmer site. Signs interpreting the prairie, gravel mining and reclamation process have been installed at a public parking area and overlook developed at the Zillmer reclamation site.
Butterfly and Flower
Origin of the Plan
The need for this plan arose from land use conflicts. The origin of these conflicts results from the co-location of valuable and scarce resources: native prairie and concrete-grade aggregate. Beneath portions of the prairie where endangered species breed and fulfill their life cycles lies high quality aggregate. The Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan addresses how the resources, both mineral and biological, can be managed or balanced for the long-term benefit of citizens in Clay County and the State of Minnesota.

Additional Ownership Options
If you would like to obtain the Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan on a CD, contact Clay County Planning and Zoning at 218-299-5002, or by email.
Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan File Table of Contents
PDF
ZIP Section Page
FSPCover FSPCover
Cover Page N/A
FSPExec
FSPExec
Executive Summary i-v
FSP1t4
FSP1t4
Introduction - Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan 1
FSP5t9 FSP5t9 Challenges and Opportunities 1
Clay County Beach Ridges Forum and The Planning Process 4
Background 5
History of Felton Prairie Conservation Activities 6
Issues 8
FSP10t12
FSP10t12
Prairie Resource Considerations 10
N/A
 N/A Prairie Resources Inventory 10
FSP13t14 FSP13t14
Dry Prairie 13
Mesic Prairie 13
Wet Prairie 14
Calcareous Seepage Fens 14
Shrub Swamp 14
FSP15
FSP16

FSP17
FSP15
FSP16

FSP17
Rare Species Inventory 15
N/A
 N/A Butterflies 15
FSP18t19
FSP18t19
Birds 18
FSP20t22 FSP20t22
Small Mammals 20
Reptiles 21
Plants 21
FSP22t23
FSP22t23
Fragmentation 22
FSP24t25
FSP24t25
Calcareous Fen Study 24
FSP26t27
FSP26t27
Aggregate Resource Considerations 26
Regional Consumption 26
Clay and Cass County Consumption 26
FSP28t31 FSP28t31
Felton Prairie Aggregate Resources 28
Summary of the Division of Lands and Minerals Study 28
Resistivity Study of Bicentennial Prairie 30
FSP32t35 FSP32t35
Impacts of Fen Study on Gravel Mining 32
General Assessment of Aggregate Resources 34
Northern Clay County Aggregate Needs 34
FSP36t45 FSP36t45
Mining Alternatives for the Clay County Mine 36
Alt. 1: Continue to Mine for County Use 36
Alt. 2: County Use Lease to Industry Sooner 40
Alt. 3: Continue Surface Mining 42
Alt. 4: Lease to Industry 42
Assessment of Mining Alternatives 43
Mining Recommendations 44
Current County Mine Management 44
Management of County Lands Beyond Footprint 44
FSP46t47 FSP46t47
Felton Prairie Stewardship Plan 46
Prairie - Aggregate Conflicts 46
Fen - Aggregate Conflicts 46
FSP48t49
FSP48t49
Planning Criteria 48
FSP50
FSP50
Parcel Recommendations 50
FSP51

FSP52t54

FSP55t56
 
FSP57t58

FSP59t60
FSP51

FSP52t54

FSP55t56

FSP57t58
 
FSP59t60
Mine and Reclaim 51
FSP61

FSP62t63

FSP64t65

FSP66t68
FSP61

FSP62t63

FSP64t65

FSP66t68
Restore 61
FSP69

FSP70t71

FSP72t73
 
FSP74t75

FSP76t77

FSP78t79

FSP80t81

FSP82t83

FSP84t85

FSP86t88
FSP69
 
FSP70t71

FSP72t73

FSP74t75

FSP76t77

FSP78t79

FSP80t81

FSP82t83

FSP84t85

FSP86t88
Preserve and/or Transfer 69
N/A
 N/A General Resource Management Recommendations 88
FSP89t92 FSP89t92
Implementation Recommendations 89
Management Coordination 89
Alternate Aggregate Resources 89
Education and Research 89
Passive Recreation 89
Conclusion 90
Bibliography 91